Tomorrow’s Manufacturing Technologies Today

End of Arm Tooling (EOAT) Options for Industrial Automation

Industrial automation is only effective when your automation or robot arms have the right tooling attached to them. Find out what options are out there in industrial automation and how you can select the optimal tooling for your automated process. Expand your manufacturing possibilities with state-of-the-art tooling for your robotics.

What Is End of Arm Tooling?

The end of every robot arm has a tooling attached to it to accomplish a specific job. These components are collectively known as the end of arm tooling, or EOAT. Some are as basic as a two-finger gripper, while others are complex processes such as welders, screwdrivers or self pierce rivet heads.

These components are also known as end effectors. They are the working area of your automation line and are powered by hydraulics, pneumatics, electricity, magnetic force, or vacuum.

Benefits of the Right EOAT

Just like a technician using the wrong tool, a robot arm with the wrong EOAT can’t perform a job efficiently. Choose the right EOAT for your industrial automation to realize the following benefits:

  • Increased range of applications
  • Improved efficiency
  • Reduced wear
  • Improved product quality

The right tool accelerates the efficiency of your robot arm or line of arms. Depending on the scope of your facility, you may have a single arm ready to arc weld components or an entire assembly line of welders, cutters, grippers and sensors. Explore the different applications and tool types to discover the benefits of the right EOAT tooling for your specific facility.

Common Applications

Many industries can benefit from industrial automation and the right EOAT. If you’re looking to make the switch to an automated line or looking for other tooling solutions, consider the most common applications:

  • Welding
  • Painting
  • Packing
  • Assembly
  • Cutting
  • Polishing
  • Inspecting
  • Machine Loading

These processes can be performed in the automotive, aerospace, construction, energy and other industries. If you have a repeatable process that can be achieved by one or more of these EOAT options, then an automated line may be a cost-effective way to scale up your business.

Types of EOAT

This tooling can be used collaboratively or individually. You can install a single automated arm with a single tool, an entire line of identical tools or a collaborative range of EOAT options. Conspire the most common types of tooling as you design your automated solution.

Material Removal

Attach a drill, grinder, saw or another cutting device to your assembly line for fast-paced material removal. These tools are popular in automotive facilities, where they can make quick work of cutting, trimming and smoothing automotive parts.


Fuse materials together with less risk and repeatable precision. A welding torch or welding gun can attach to a robotic arm and apply arc or spot welding to multiple points around your product. Choose a single arm to hit many points in a complex program, or create an assembly line where each arm welds a single point for efficient assembly.


Industrial automation is often used to move items from one point to another. Grippers can be used to install items, prepare them for another assembly line or package them. Consider these gripper options as you work with your automated components:

  • Vacuum cups
  • Two-jaw grippers
  • Three-jaw grippers
  • Adhesive grippers


Sensors can be installed as EOAT or to complement your tooling choice. These devices range in application. Some monitor the risk of collision, while others measure torque or force.

Combine sensors with grippers to handle fragile items. Collision sensors on industrial automation allow humans and robots to work side by side with less risk of collision or injury. When a robot arm is working in unpredictable environments or with various material sizes, sensors give them more flexibility in handling tasks.